One of the warmest and sunniest resorts in Crimea is Feodosiya district. The sea here warms up already in early June, so the swimming season lasts longer than in other parts of the peninsula. Feodosia is located on a long sandy coast, which is why local beaches are considered the most convenient and comfortable for recreation.
In terms of the number of historical sights, the city is not inferior to Sevastopol and the iconic places of the southern coast of Crimea. There are many medieval temples, the ancient Kafa fortress, as well as picturesque mansions of the 19th-20th centuries. Many places in Feodosia are associated with the name of the great artist I.K. Aivazovsky, who was born here, lived and created his incomparable seascapes.
What to see and where to go in Feodosia?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a short description.
Genoese fortress Kafa
Medieval fortification of the XIV century, built during the time of the Republic of Genoa that existed in the Crimea. The residence of the bishop, the consular palace, the court, administrative offices and utility rooms were located here. Most of the buildings were demolished in the 19th century. Only part of the walls, several towers, a bridge, Armenian churches and the building of Turkish baths have survived to this day.
Saint Constantine's Tower
The construction was erected in 1382 to protect Feodosia (Kafa) from an attack from the sea. In 1475, after the capture of the Crimea by the Ottoman Turks, an additional bastion was added to the tower (today only the foundation has been preserved from it). At the beginning of the 20th century, the tower of St. Constantine was restored by specialists invited from Italy. In this form, it has reached our days.
Villa on Aivazovsky Prospekt, built in 1914 for the merchant I. Stamboli. After the October Revolution of 1917, the dacha was nationalized. Since 1921, a sanatorium was located here, later - a military hospital and a clinic. After the collapse of the USSR, the premises became private property, and a restaurant operated on its territory. Since 2013, the Museum of Underwater Archeology has been operating here.
The construction was erected in 1911 according to the project of M. F. Piskunov for I. S. Krymov, a descendant of the ancient Karaite dynasty. The name "Dacha Miloss" was given in honor of the goddess Venus de Milo. The mansion is built in an elegant neoclassical style. Its façade is decorated with a massive Greek portico with columns in the form of statues. In Soviet times, the building served as a dormitory building of the Voskhod sanatorium.
Aivazovsky Art Gallery
Museum where the works of the famous seascape painter I. K. Aivazovsky are exhibited. The first exposition was opened in 1845 on the territory of the mansion where the artist lived. In 1922 it was transformed into a state museum. In addition to several hundred works by Aivazovsky himself, about 12,000 marine-themed paintings by various masters are exhibited here.
Alexander Grin Museum
Memorial Museum dedicated to the writer A. Green - the creator of the story "Scarlet Sails" and other equally interesting works. It is located in the building of 1891, in which A. Green lived from 1924 to 1929. The side wall of the mansion is decorated with a relief panel "Brigantine". The exposition consists of household and interior items belonging to the writer. The museum regularly hosts exhibitions, creative evenings and meetings with writers, artists, and musicians.
Museum of Marina and Anastasia Tsvetaeva
The museum's collection is dedicated to the Crimean period of creativity of the Tsvetaev sisters. It is made up of exhibits provided by the House-Museum of M. A. Voloshin, the Feodosia Museum of Local Lore, the Art Gallery. Aivazovsky. Many items in the collection were purchased from private collections. In the house where the exposition was located, A. Tsvetaeva lived in 1913-14. Her sister Marina used to come here often.
Museum of the sculptor Vera Mukhina
Vera Mukhina became famous all over the world thanks to her 25-meter monumental sculpture "Worker and Collective Farm Girl", created especially for the World Exhibition in Paris in 1937. The museum dedicated to the sculptor was opened in 1985 on the very spot where the house of Vera Ignatievna's family was located. The exposition reproduces fragments of V. Mukhina's room and her creative workshop.
Feodosia Museum of Local Lore
In 1811, the Feodosia Museum of Antiquities was opened (later renamed the Museum of Local Lore). At first, it simply served as an artifact repository. In 1871, a separate building was built for the impressively expanded collection at the expense of I.K. Aivazovsky. In the 20th century, the exposition moved two more times until it settled in a mansion of the 19th-20th centuries, where it is still located.
Feodosia Money Museum
Since ancient times, coins have been minted on the territory of Feodosia. The ancient Greeks, Genoese and Crimean Tatars had their own money. At the beginning of the 19th century, the first numismatic exposition was created within the framework of the Feodosia Museum of Antiquities. The modern museum of money was founded in 2003 on the initiative of O. A. Romanovich, a local collector. At the moment, its funds contain about 30 thousand coins, the oldest of which date back to the 7th century BC. e.
Surb Sargis Church
The Armenian temple of 1330, which in the XIV-XVI centuries served as the spiritual cultural and educational center of the Armenian diaspora. Prominent thinkers and artists of that time worked here - Baberdetsi, Avetis, Christosatur, Simeon and others. Valuable manuscripts created in this church are kept in Paris, Jerusalem and Vienna. Near the temple there is a cemetery where I.K. Aivazovsky is buried.
Grave of I. K. Aivazovsky
The outstanding marine painter was buried in the courtyard of the Armenian church of Surb Sarkis in a place of honor for his especially valuable contribution to the cultural development of Feodosia and the entire Crimea. At the beginning of the 20th century, by order of the artist's widow, a marble tombstone was erected on his grave, made by the Italian sculptor Biogioli. In 1944, she herself was buried next to the artist.
Temple of the Iberian Icon of the Mother of God
The first mention of the temple dates back to the 14th century, although it is believed that it existed long before that time. Before the arrival of the Ottoman Turks in the Crimea, the temple was the Armenian church of St. John the Baptist. At the end of the 19th century, it was re-consecrated in honor of the Iberian Icon of the Mother of God. The last restoration work was carried out here in 1996. At the moment the church is active.
The historic Friday Mosque of Feodosia, built in the first half of the 17th century. The building was built at the expense of the Turkish community on the model of Istanbul temples. At the end of the 18th century, after the Crimea became part of the Russian Empire and until the beginning of the 20th century, the Catholic Armenian Church was located on the territory of the mosque. In the 1990s the building was returned to the Muslim community.
Church of St. George
In the XIV century, the temple was the katholikon (main church) of the Armenian Catholic monastery of the Holy Great Martyr George the Victorious. In those days, numerous pilgrims set off from here to the Holy Land. In the 19th century, the church was rebuilt, as a result of which an octagonal domed tower appeared, which is characteristic of Russian temple architecture.
Church of St. Catherine
The temple was founded in 1892 on the birthday of Catherine II. The construction project was created in accordance with the architectural traditions of the 17th century. The building was erected by a team of volunteers at no cost. The Church of St. Catherine is a very beautiful and elegant building that adorns the city landscape. Its facade is strewn with numerous decorative arches and murals and topped with gilded domes.
The park is located on the site of a large slave market during the early Ottoman period. Slaves driven by the Tatars from South Rus' and Eastern Europe were sold at the market. The square was laid out in memory of the sailors who died during the defense of Feodosia during the Great Patriotic War. The territory of the park is decorated with wooden sculptures made from old tree trunks.
Fountain of Aivazovsky
The opening of the fountain took place in 1888. At first, the city authorities wanted to name it in honor of Alexander III, but the emperor preferred that the spring be named after I.K. Aivazovsky, given the artist's services to the city (especially the fact that it was built at the expense of the painter). The fountain was part of the Feodosia-Subash water pipeline, which supplied Feodosia with fresh water.
Fountain "To the Good Genius"
Commemorative fountain of 2004, erected in honor of I.K. Aivazovsky. The first monument was created by grateful townspeople in 1890 in honor of the day when the artist gave Feodosia a donation for 50,000 buckets of water per day from the Subash springs, which belonged to his wife. During the Great Patriotic War, the monument mysteriously disappeared. The new monument was built half a century later with municipal funds.
Feodosia Dolphinarium "Nemo"
The Dolphinarium opened in 2012 and has since become a popular city attraction. It is a complete entertainment center for the whole family. Here you can visit entertaining shows with the participation of dolphins and sea lions, swim with these amazing animals, as well as take pictures and get a positive charge for many days ahead.
First city beach
Sandy beach in the central part of the city, stretching for 300-350 meters along the seashore. Its width ranges from 40 to 50 meters. Thanks to a convenient descent into the sea, as well as a shallow and gently sloping bottom, the beach is very popular among tourists with children. All the necessary infrastructure for a comfortable stay has been created here. You can swim on the beach since spring, as the water here warms up quite quickly.
The beach is about 1 km long, located in the central part of Feodosia. It consists of a mixture of small pebbles and sand and has a gentle entrance to the sea. On the territory of the beach there is an entertainment complex with attractions, rental of water modes of transport, cafes and numerous souvenir tents. In the high season, the beach is visited by a sufficiently large number of tourists, so it can be crowded here.
A well-groomed sandy beach, located in one of the best resort areas of the urban district of Feodosia. The place is distinguished by its convenient location, excellent climate and warm water. From here you have a picturesque view of the bay. The beach is equipped with parking and sports grounds. Most of its territory belongs to the tourist complex of the same name.
Beach Club 117
A popular holiday destination located on the 117th km of the Simferopol-Kerch highway. The Beachclub 117 complex includes a beach, a nightclub, a day bar and a restaurant. Music festivals and holidays are constantly held here, to which famous DJs are invited. During the daytime, visitors can go in for water sports, sunbathe or play volleyball, and at night they can dance to good music.
The building is located on Cape St. Elijah, 4.5 km from the center of Feodosia. The lighthouse went into operation in 1899. In 1910, his somewhat primitive equipment was modernized. The last replacement of obsolete structures with modern ones took place in 2006. The space near the lighthouse serves as an excellent viewing platform for tourists. From here you have a panoramic view of the picturesque harbor.