Traveling to Hungary will give tourists a lot of unusual and pleasant experiences. There are no less sights of different types in it than in other European countries. In Hungary, there are interesting corners of nature, and ancient fortresses, and castles, and many religious buildings of different eras and styles. Inspection of monuments architects can be combined with a visit to museums or the Hungarian Opera House.
You can enjoy a relaxing holiday at the thermal spas. There are warm springs with healthy water in almost every city. However, several of them can be distinguished. The Széchenyi baths stand out for their size and luxury. Unusual and practically unparalleled in the world is the Cave Bath of Miskolc-Tapolca. For lovers of outdoor recreation in Hungary there is more thermal lake Heviz.
What to see and where to go in Hungary?
The most interesting and beautiful places to visit, photos and a brief description.
Hungarian parliament building
Located in Budapest on the banks of the Danube. Its construction, begun in 1885, lasted almost 20 years. Its architecture intricately combines neo-Gothic and Parisian Beauzare styles with oriental motifs. The parliament building is the largest in Hungary. There are 691 rooms under the dome 27 meters high. The interior is richly decorated with mosaic panels, gilding and stained-glass windows. Tours are organized for tourists.
Buda Castle (Budapest)
The residence of the kings of Hungary, which is included in the UNESCO heritage list. The oldest part of the palace was built in the 14th century. Over the years of its existence, the fortress has survived several sieges, destruction and reconstruction, which took away many historical architectural delights. The reconstruction of the castle was completed in 1980. Among the surviving historical buildings are the Shandor Palace, the house of Hungarian wines, the Fisherman's Bastion.
Built in the 13th century. In the Middle Ages - the residence of the Hungarian kings. During the invasion of Austrian troops in the 18th century, it was almost completely destroyed. Among the ruins, only the surviving tower of Solomon towered. Reconstruction is currently underway. In the restored walls of the fortress, you can see the interiors of a medieval kitchen and a dining room, a torture chamber has been recreated, and there is a collection of ancient weapons.
In the 18th century, the slopes of Gellert Hill, 235 meters high, were covered with vineyards. At the end of the 19th century, a citadel was built on its top. An overview of both banks of the Danube gave it a special strategic value. In a military capacity, it lasted about 20 years, until the formation of Austria-Hungary. Nearby rises the 14-meter Statue of Liberty on a 26-meter pedestal. It was installed in memory of the liberation of Hungary from the Nazis.
Széchenyi Chain Bridge (Budapest)
Symbol of the capital of Hungary. This is the first stone bridge that connected then two different cities - Buda and Pest. The opening took place in 1849, and at that time the bridge was one of the largest in the world. The re-opening of the bridge was in 1949, after being restored from being blown up by German troops. The bridge is currently 380 meters long and 14.5 meters wide. In the dark, the backlight turns on.
Shoes on the Danube (Budapest)
The monument to the victims of the Holocaust is a sculptural composition in the form of 60 pairs of shoes. Many call this monument the saddest in the world. Children's sandals, dressy women's shoes, men's worn shoes - made of iron, they are arranged on the Danube embankment as if their owners are about to return. The terrible reality became the idea for the monument - before the execution, the Nazis forced the victims to take off their shoes, and the bodies were thrown into the water.
Tourists often call Balaton the “Hungarian Sea”, since the lake is almost 80 km long. A trip to the lake is one of the top tourist destinations in the country. The average depth of the lake is about 3 meters. The gentle southern shores attract many families with children for a beach holiday. The north coast is more popular with sailing enthusiasts. There are many resorts and health centers on the shores of the lake.
Park Varosliget (Budapest)
The park was built in 1799 on a swampy area. A network of water channels was laid on the drained territory, thousands of trees were planted. Among them, several artificial lakes were equipped. Now it is one of the favorite parks for walking among Budapest residents and guests of the city. It presents a lot of entertainment: a botanical garden, a zoo and a circus, Vaidahunyad Castle and several museums are available for inspection.
Szechenyi Baths (Budapest)
Large bath complex, built in 1909. It has 3 outdoor pools and 15 indoor pools, as well as several saunas. The complex is considered balneological. The thermal water of the baths is supplied from the well of St. Istvan. The temperature of the water in the spring is 77 °C and it rises to the surface from a depth of 1200 meters. The healing properties of thermal water help in the treatment of many diseases.
Heroes Square (Budapest)
The famous square of the capital of Hungary. About 50,000 people came to its opening in 1896. In the middle of the square there is a 36-meter Millennium Monument. On the colonnades there are figures of the heroes of the country, and between them there are 14 monuments to members of the royal Arpad dynasty and allegorical figures. The architectural basis of the square is made up of museum buildings built in the style of classicism with elements of eclecticism and baroque.
Fisherman's Bastion (Budapest)
The construction of the bastion was completed in 1905. It is a square in the form of a gallery 140 meters long, 8 meters wide, decorated with towers and balustrades. Despite the name, the bastion was not built for defensive purposes. Previously, fish was traded at this place, and now it is a wonderful architectural addition to the Matthias Church. From the walls of the bastion offers a breathtaking view of the Danube and the capital.
Matthias Church (Budapest)
Located on the Buda Hill. Built in the 14th century in the Gothic style. The bell tower of the church is the tallest building in the Buda Castle complex. Its height is 82 meters. The church has 3 naves with a large number of adjoining chapels. The roof is covered with red tiles. The main decoration of the interior are stained-glass windows and wall paintings. Two columns have been preserved since 1260, they are located under the Bela tower.
Hungarian Opera House (Budapest)
The impressive building of the opera house was erected in the 19th century in the Neo-Renaissance and Baroque styles. It is decorated with ornaments and sculptures. The wall paintings in the auditorium were made by famous artists: Tan, Sekei, Lotz. The horseshoe-shaped hall has excellent acoustics. Well-known actors, conductors and composers work here with pleasure, including Giacomo Puccini from Italy.
Hungarian National Museum (Budapest)
The theme of the museum is the history and art of Hungary in the period from the founding of the country to the present. In total, the museum has about a million exhibits in collections of various themes. Many archaeological finds are presented, including samples of stone writing from the Roman period. There are collections of coins, weapons, jewelry, household items from different periods, as well as a hall of the royal mantle.
House of Terror Museum (Budapest)
Housed in a former prison building, it is dedicated to the totalitarian period in the history of Hungary. Strict gray building with black edging. The look of the frame creates a large black visor with the word "TERROR" embossed on it. On sunny days, this inscription casts a shadow on the facade of the building. The exhibitions of the museum present exhibits left over from the fascist regime and requiring reflection: instruments of torture, documents and objects of that time.
Basilica of Saint Adalbert (Esztergom)
Catholic church in the city of Esztergom. Built on a hill on the banks of the Danube in 1869. The architecture of the temple is made in the neoclassical style, the building itself has a cruciform shape. The basilica is 118 meters long and almost 50 meters wide. The facade of the building is decorated with 8 columns. Mosaics, columns, frescoes and statues form the basis of the interior. On the dome of the basilica there is an observation deck with excellent views of the city, mountains and the Danube.
The Benedictine abbey has a long history. It was founded in 996. The building has been rebuilt several times, so its architecture combines styles from different eras. The unique religious ancient complex is included in the UNESCO list of protected objects. Basilica of St. Martin Abbey strikes with the luxury of interiors. The libraries hold over 300,000 unique and valuable books. There is a botanical garden and a winery.
St. Stephen's Basilica (Budapest)
The current large-scale temple with picturesque interiors. The construction of the temple ended in 1905, it lasted almost 50 years. The height of the basilica is 96 meters, from the observation deck under the dome you can see almost the entire capital. The interior decoration is decorated with bronze bas-reliefs, marble and mosaics. Concerts of organ and classical music are often held. The church choir sings at Sunday services.
Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul (Pecs)
The Roman Catholic Cathedral is located on the Dome Square in Pécs. Erected in the XI century. In the XVI-XVII centuries the cathedral was used by the Turks as a mosque. The facade of the building is made in a classical style with sharp arched forms and is decorated with statues of 12 apostles. The interior is dominated by gilded sculptures and frescoes. The organ of the cathedral consists of 75 pipes. The famous Franz Liszt performed masses on it.
Cathedral of Szeged
Incredibly beautiful building in the neo-romantic style, built of red brick in 1930. It is an architectural monument. Tourists are attracted by towers 91 meters high, looking into the sky. In total, the cathedral has 57 turrets of various sizes. The main hall of the cathedral is designed for 5,000 parishioners. Wall paintings, reliefs, mosaics in the Art Nouveau style - the unusual decor inside further enhances the vivid impression of the design of the cathedral.
Erected on the site of an ancient earthen fortress. As a result of enemy raids and fires, only the church of 1754 in the Baroque style has remained from the ancient building of the monastery. The carved altars in it are luxuriously decorated and are considered the masterpiece of wooden sculpture in Hungary of the 18th century. Master Sebastian Stulhof worked on the creation of altars for 25 years and did not take payment for his work.
Reformed Cathedral (Debrecen)
It is considered a symbol of the city of Debrecen. The design is made in a classic traditional style - strictly and without unnecessary details. The interior design of the cathedral is also very modest, the walls are painted with plain white paint. The area of the cathedral is quite large - it can accommodate up to 5,000 people. It is the largest Reformed church in Hungary. As an attraction, the chair of Lajos Koshsuth is exhibited in the cathedral.
A medieval fortress, the defenders of which showed heroism in the defense against the invasion of the Turks in 1552. Built in the 13th century, it is currently a museum complex. Bastions and underground casemates are available to tourists for inspection. The István Dobo Museum tells visitors about the rich history of the Eger Fortress. In summer, festivals are held in medieval style with jousting tournaments.
Royal Palace in Gödöllő
Palace-estate, a masterpiece of Hungarian baroque architecture. Erected in the XII century. For several centuries, a stable, a greenhouse, and a theater were attached to it. Currently, it is a museum complex with restored interiors of the royal chambers. The expositions of the halls are dedicated to the Grasszalkovich dynasty. A separate object for inspection is the chapel of St. John of Nepomuk. Around the palace there is a park with an area of 29 hectares.
Festetics Palace (Keszthely)
It is located in a picturesque park near Lake Balaton. One of the largest castles in the country, built in the 18th century. The facade and interior decoration resembles the palaces of France. The castle houses a museum. The museum's collections include valuable and rare books, weapons from different eras. In the stables of the palace exhibited samples of various carriages - carriages and wagons. Various official and entertainment events are held in the halls of the palace.
Historical center of Sopron
In this place, many architectural monuments of history have been collected, most of them were made in the 16th-18th centuries in the Baroque style. A labyrinth of narrow cozy streets with old buildings from different eras diverge from the main square. The Gothic Church of the Goat, the House of the General, the House of Fabricius with archaeological exhibits and antiques - and that's not all. The symbol of the historical center is the 60 meters high Fire Tower.
The open-air museum of ethnography, which is included in the UNESCO heritage list. 500 people live in the village-museum, and all of them lead a normal daily life. For visitors, this is a great opportunity to look at folk traditions that have been preserved for several centuries. Many residents are engaged in traditional folk crafts - pottery, embroidery, woodcarving.
Győr old town
The historic district of the city, which is visited by thousands of tourists every year. They are attracted by magnificent architectural ensembles of ancient buildings of the 18th century. The starting point for the tour is the Central Széchenyi Square. It is surrounded by buildings in the Baroque style - the Abbot's house, the Jesuit church, the building of the old town hall, the Vashtushkosh house. In the Janos Xanthus Museum you can get acquainted with the history of the city of Győr.
The popular resort is located by Lake Hamori among the forests of the Bükk mountain range. For tourists, a hotel was built, with its appearance more like a palace. There are many guests at any time of the year. Travelers come here to enjoy the clean mountain air and picturesque views. Water walks on the lake and hiking in the forest are popular. You can also visit the bat caves or Sinwa waterfall.
Cave bath Miskolc-Tapolca
The uniqueness of the bath is in its location. It is located in a cave formed naturally over thousands of years. The cave is located in a large beech forest in the mountains. The air of the cave is considered healing, it is especially useful for asthma. Thermal water has a composition enriched with minerals, but at the same time low in salt. This allows you to stay in the water for almost unlimited time.
Thermal lake in the western part of the country. Rest on it is popular at any time of the year. The water temperature in it does not fall below 24 ° C even in winter, and in summer it reaches 36 ° C. Heviz is one of the largest thermal lakes in the world. Its area is 47,000 m². Substances in the composition of water help in the treatment of many diseases, but there are also contraindications - pregnancy, cancer, asthma, tuberculosis.
Caves of Aggtelek
They are located in the karst mountains on the territory of the national park in the north of the country. Numerous caves form intricate labyrinths with many kilometers of passages. In total, experts count about 700 caves in the area. The largest cave Aggtelek is also one of the largest stalactite caves in Europe. It is 26 kilometers long, 8 of which are in Slovenia.
National park with an area of 800 km². The territory of the park is protected by UNESCO. The attraction is the Nine-Arch Bridge, which is 167 meters long. It was built over a marsh in 1833. Near the bridge there is an inn, whose age is 300 years. It houses an ethnographic exhibition. Hortobágy is a popular holiday destination with many different types of entertainment, including a water park.
Tagore promenade (Balatonfured)
The city of Balatonfured is located on the northern shore of the picturesque Lake Balaton. In 1926, the famous Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore visited the resorts of the city. According to the traditions of his country, he planted a lemon tree by the water, in gratitude for the hospitality. Other celebrities who visited the cities began to do the same. Over time, the alley of planted trees turned into a memorial park and became a decoration of the embankment.
Tokaj wine region
Included in the list of UNESCO sites. The history of Tokay winemaking began in 1550. The vineyards are located on the slopes of the mountains at an altitude of up to 400 meters. The specific microclimate of the region is a special secret of production, which gives Tokay wines a unique and refined taste. Almost every residential building in the city has a wine cellar, and Rakoczy's wine cellars are considered the main attraction.