Millions of European roads converge in Frankfurt am Main, Germany's largest bus station and the second largest airport of the entire continent are located here. In the distant 8th century, the city was the capital of the East Frankish kingdom, from the 16th century German emperors began to be crowned here.
The historic center of Frankfurt is built up with picturesque half-timbered houses that form the usual look, "burgher" shopping image of the city. In the taverns, you can taste traditional apple wine and Frankfurt sausages with seven herb green sauce, a unique culinary invention of the Hesse region.
What to see and where to go in Frankfurt?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a short description.
A modern city block built up with skyscrapers. Here is the headquarters of the European Central Bank and the main representative offices of other financial institutions. The most famous high-rise buildings of the quarter are the Commerzbank Tower with a height of 259 meters, the Messeturm with a height of 256 meters and the Main Tower with a height of 200 meters. Some skyscrapers are allowed free access. On the top floors there are restaurants and observation decks.
The central square of the historical part of Frankfurt am Main, built up with half-timbered buildings. For many centuries, the coronation of German rulers took place here. The Römerberg is also known for hosting the Frankfurt Fair. The historical appearance of the square was restored by 1986. After the destruction of World War II, the restorers had to do a lot of work.
The building of the Frankfurt City Hall, or rather, a complex of structures consisting of three buildings. "Römer" means "Roman". In the 15th century, the city authorities bought two private houses for their needs, one of them was called the “house of the Roman”, thus the name “Römer” was assigned to the building of the city council. Inside the town hall there are several magnificent halls where festive receptions were held in honor of the coronation of the rulers.
The central city square, where the building of the main guard house of Frankfurt is located. It also housed a prison. The guardhouse lost its military significance after the annexation of the city to Prussia. Later, a police station was located here. A cafe has been operating in the premises since the beginning of the 20th century. In the 50s. The guardhouse was rebuilt, and in this form it still exists.
Part of the embankment on the south bank of the river Main between the bridges Friedensbrücke and Eiserner-Steg. There are several museums in a small area. The place is the cultural center of Frankfurt am Main, various events are often held here. The most significant of them are the night of museums and the festival on the museum embankment. On Saturdays, the city's "flea market" unfolds on the embankment.
Museum of Natural History, created at the initiative of the scientific community at the beginning of the 20th century. It is named after I. Senkenberg, a German naturalist and botanist of the 18th century. The museum contains an impressive collection of dinosaur skeletons, one of the most outstanding in the world. The fossilized remains of ancient animals, birds and the first people are of scientific value.
Museum of Icons
The museum collection grew out of a private collection of Orthodox icons by the German doctor Schmidt-Voigt. He collected exhibits from all over the world - not only from "Orthodox" territories, but also from African countries. Already at an advanced age, the collector donated his collection to the city. The exposition was placed in the building of the former monastery, which belonged to the Teutonic Order.
Museum of Applied Arts
An extensive exposition founded in the second half of the 19th century. In order to accommodate all the artifacts of the museum, it took two whole buildings. The first building is a historic villa from 1803, the second is a modern building designed by R. Meyer. The age of individual specimens kept in museum funds is more than 6 thousand years. In total, the collection contains about 30 thousand items.
The museum's collections are located on the territory of the palace complex of the XII century. The exhibits tell about the history of Frankfurt am Main, about the development of urban culture. The museum's funds contain more than 3 thousand paintings, 76 thousand drawings, engravings and maps, about 300 thousand photographs. As well as collections of medieval weapons, furniture, children's toys, coins and clothing.
Goethe House Museum
The former home of the great German thinker, philosopher, writer I.V. Goethe. Within the walls of this house, the genius spent his childhood and youth. Unfortunately, the original interior was destroyed during the Second World War, but the restorers managed to restore the furnishings. It was here that Goethe created the first drafts of his famous work Faust.
A pompous Renaissance building built in 1880. The stage opened with a performance of the opera Don Juan by V.A. Mozart. This performance was attended by Kaiser Wilhelm I. The building was completely destroyed as a result of air raids on the city during the Second World War. The ruins lay for several decades, because the opera was not going to be restored. But in the end, it was decided to completely reconstruct and restore the building in its historical appearance.
The main city temple, officially called the Imperial Cathedral of St. Bartholomew. It was founded over 800 years ago. In the period from the middle of the 16th to the end of the 18th century, coronations of the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire were held here. Earlier, in the first centuries of our era, on the site of the cathedral there was a palace chapel of the Frankish dynasty of the Merovingians and then the Carolingians who replaced them.
St. Paul's Church
Former Lutheran church, where the first constitution of a united Germany was adopted. The building was destroyed during the war and rebuilt in 1948. But by that time the church had already lost its religious functions. Since 1951, the Peace Prize has been awarded here annually, as well as book fairs and literary exhibitions. The church is considered a symbol of German democracy.
Church of Saint Justin
One of the oldest churches in Germany. Presumably, the temple appeared in the IX century. From the 11th century, it passed into the possession of the Dominican Order, and from the 15th century, brothers of the Antonite Order were in charge of the temple. Many ancient Christian relics are kept inside. The church of St. Justin surrounds a garden with medicinal plants, which are actively used by the clergy.
Europatum is the highest TV tower and skyscraper in Western Europe (337 meters). When built in 1979, the building was much smaller - 295 meters, but as a result of the reconstruction in 2004, a 42-meter part was added to it. The tower is owned by a German telecommunications company and is closed to the public. Europatum became the first television tower in the city.
One of the highest skyscrapers in the city - 240 meters. The building consists of 56 floors and 4 underground levels. Maintower was built in 1999, it was the first skyscraper in Europe, whose facade was completely covered with glass. There is an observation deck on the roof, where a high-speed elevator leads. The site is popular with tourists, as it offers a magnificent view of the city, and there is also a restaurant.
Medieval fortification, preserved from the 15th century. The Eschenheim Tower was part of the powerful defensive system of Frankfurt, consisting of 60 towers and thick walls. It is a Neo-Gothic building with battlements and a central spire. Nowadays, the tower houses a restaurant chosen by tourists, and the security room is adapted for a mini-hotel.
Frankfurt Stock Exchange
An authoritative German stock exchange founded in the 16th century. In those distant times, she provided for the needs of the Frankfurt fair. Today the exchange is one of the key platforms in Europe. It is located in an elegant 19th-century mansion in the neo-Renaissance architectural style. In front of the building, according to tradition, exchange symbols are installed - sculptures of a bull and a bear.
My Zeil Shopping Center
A modern marketplace that houses dozens of boutiques, shops, restaurants, entertainment venues, a swimming pool, a sports club, and a multi-level underground garage. The facility was built in 2009, the project budget is 960 million euros. The shopping center harmoniously blended into the modern architecture of Frankfurt and quickly became a popular attraction.
Shopping street, one of the busiest in the city. It is here that all the guests of the city rush for shopping. There are a large number of products of recognizable brands. Numerous cafes and restaurants are always filled to capacity with tourists resting from shopping. There is a farmers' market on Konstablerwache Square where you can buy local goods: cheese, wine, vegetables and other natural products.
Frankfurt old bridge
The construction connects the Old Town and Sachsenhausen. Up until the 70s. XIX century, it was the only crossing of the river Main. The bridge appeared in the Middle Ages, since then it has been rebuilt many times. A legend is connected with him: the devil offered help to the master who built the bridge. In return, he asked for the soul of the first person who would cross the crossing, but the rooster was the first to cross the bridge, so the demon left with nothing.
A crossing over the Main River, built in the 19th century, and over time turned into a city landmark. The bridge was built as a result of urgent need, as more routes were needed connecting the city center with its southern districts. As a result of increased public pressure on the magistrate, the authorities approved the project and found funding.
The zoological garden is located in the city center. It owes its existence and prosperity to the active creative work of the director B. Grzimek, who managed to restore the zoo after a devastating war. Today, more than 4 thousand animals (400 species in total) live on the territory of the zoo. Popular attractions include visiting the nocturnal animal pavilion, where you can observe the life of aardvarks and bats.
City park laid out with the financial assistance of the Bethmann family of bankers. The highlights of the park are the chess court, where a huge playing field is drawn right on the pavement, and the Chinese garden, laid out in strict accordance with the principles of Feng Shui. The territory of the park is decorated with flower beds, shady alleys and decorative lawns, among which it is pleasant to spend warm summer evenings.
The botanical garden, covering an area of 22 hectares, is considered one of the largest in Germany. The garden was opened in 1871, H. Zismeyer worked on the landscape design of the area. Almost 9 hectares of territory are occupied by palm trees of all kinds, hence the name "Palmgarten" (Palm garden). The space of the park is designed for a relaxing family vacation or leisurely walks.