Chelyabinsk is one of the largest industrial centers of Russia, a powerful forge and the locomotive of the country's heavy metallurgy. But besides the smoking chimneys of huge enterprises, the city can show the tourist its picturesque green parks, theaters with talented actors, museums with fascinating and valuable expositions, monumental sculptures and majestic temples.
In Chelyabinsk, you can take a walk along the pedestrian Kirov Street or the Walk of Fame, visit the grandiose exposition of the railway museum, located right on the tracks, or go to the legendary ChTZ to feel the special atmosphere of the city. The Chelyabinsk monuments are also interesting, especially the conceptual monuments to the physicist Kurchatov and the Ural fairy tale blacksmith.
What to see and where to go in Chelyabinsk?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a short description.
Pedestrian zone, playing the role of the local Arbat. It was finalized in the 2000s. There are original urban sculptures, shops, cafes and entertainment facilities here - everything you need for a good rest and a pleasant walk. Also along the street are historical mansions with interesting architecture of the early 20th century and the modern Chelyabinsk City business center.
A park in the central region of Chelyabinsk, created in the 1940s and 60s. Recently, it has been under state protection, as it has been declared a historical landmark. In the 19th century, on the site of the park there was a square where the city fair was held. In 1905, a demonstration of workers was dispersed here with the use of weapons, as a result of which the place was called "Scarlet Square".
Opera and Ballet Theater named after M. I. Glinka
The opera stage appeared in Chelyabinsk in the 1950s. Construction of the building began in 1937 on the site of the demolished Nativity Cathedral. The building is made in the classical style with elements of Soviet constructivism. The portico of the entrance is supported by monumental columns, sculptural groups are placed on the roof, the upper part of the facade is decorated with a massive stucco coat of arms of the Soviet Union.
Drama Theater named after Naum Orlov
Drama stage founded in the 1920s. The theater building is somewhat reminiscent of an administrative building, and it could be confused with the City Council, if not for the figures of theatrical masks placed on the facade. A wide alley with a flower garden in the center leads to the entrance. In the evening, the building looks very picturesque thanks to professional lighting design. The theater is located on Revolution Square, surrounded by monumental buildings in the Stalinist Empire style.
Cinema named after A. S. Pushkin
The cinema was built in 1937. At that time, it was the only one in the entire RSFSR that had two halls. The construction of the institution was timed to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the death of A. S. Pushkin. Along with film screenings, it hosted literary evenings, concerts and creative meetings. The building was built in the style of Soviet constructivism. Since 2000, the cinema has been merged with the Mannequin Theater, a dramatic stage that emerged in the 1960s on the basis of a student acting studio.
Hall of chamber and organ music "Motherland"
The concert hall is located in a neoclassical building built in the middle of the 20th century according to the project of V. Ya. Gofrat. The building was built as a cinema and performed this function until 2002, until it fell into disrepair. In 2010-2014, the building was reconstructed and redesigned in accordance with the canons of the classical style, but with the use of modern materials. During the restoration, many lost elements were restored.
Drama Chamber Theater
The theater scene is the youngest in the city - it was founded in the late 1980s by a group of actors from the Theater for Young Spectators. From the very first performances, she attracted the attention of the public with an interesting manner of performance, and strict critics highly appreciated the productions and the skill of the troupe. Until 1991, the scene did not have its own permanent building, so different venues had to be rented.
Historical Museum of the Southern Urals
The museum was opened in 1923; at the moment, more than 250 thousand exhibits are stored in its funds. The collection consists of permanent exhibitions: archaeological, historical, ethnographic, natural and arts and crafts. Since 2006, exhibitions have been housed in a modern building equipped with multimedia equipment, which allows diversifying the classical presentation of material.
The institution was formed in 2005 on the basis of the collections of the Museum of Decorative and Applied Arts and the Regional Picture Gallery. The collection contains several thousand exhibits related to Western European, Eastern and Russian art. Here you can see the works of world famous artists: I. K. Aivazovsky, I. I. Levitan, I. I. Shishkin. Also of interest is the collection of icons from the 16th-19th centuries.
Chelyabinsk Railway Museum
The exposition of the museum is located in two places: in the building on the street. Zwilling, where more than 14 thousand exhibits are stored, and at the Chelyabinsk-Glavny station, where you can see railway equipment in the open air: steam locomotives, electric locomotives, modern trains, military trains and special equipment. Rails, station bells, old tickets, lanterns, signal devices and other items are displayed in the exposition halls.
This is the largest and most popular museum in the region. It is dedicated to the history and activities of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant. The institution's archive contains several thousand photographs, documents, personal belongings of employees, posters, newspaper clippings. It is better to visit the museum with a thematic tour, during which you can not only learn interesting facts, but also feel the true spirit of the plant and the city of Chelyabinsk itself.
St. Simeon Cathedral
The cathedral was built at the end of the 19th century as a modest cemetery church. As a result of several reconstructions, it was expanded and turned into a full-fledged three-altar church. Under Soviet rule, it was the only religious institution in the city where church services were held. Several dozen icons with the relics of saints are stored inside, the main relic is a part of the Life-Giving Cross, placed in a temple crucifix.
Alexander Nevsky Church
The temple was built in 1911 according to the project of A. N. Pomerantsev. In Soviet times, the building survived, but was subjected to significant ruin: the domes and tent structures were removed from the roof, the wall paintings were smeared with paint, partitions were built inside, having previously seized all the property. The restoration of the church began in the 1980s. Until 2013 (before the transfer of the Russian Orthodox Church), a concert hall was located on its territory, where organ music was performed.
Holy Trinity Church
The largest church in Chelyabinsk, built in 1914 according to the project of P. A. Saraev. During the Soviet period, exhibitions of the local history museum were located on its territory. The building is built of red brick and topped with a green roof. A distinctive feature of the building is the presence of a large number of arched windows on all tiers and an abundance of decorative ornaments on the facade. Inside, the walls and ceiling are frescoed with biblical themes.
Monument to Kurchatov
The famous Soviet scientist and creator of the first atomic bomb in the USSR I. V. Kurchatov is one of the most outstanding minds of the 20th century. In 1986, in honor of the 250th anniversary of Chelyabinsk, the “Split Atom” monument was erected in his honor on Science Square. It consists of two vertical platforms 27 meters high, symbolizing an elementary particle, and the figure of Kurchatov standing in the middle on a square pedestal.
The monument was erected in honor of the young Uralians - participants in the October Revolution and the Civil War that followed it. The monument was created in the 1960s at the expense of the Komsomol organization. It is a 4-meter sculpture of a boy made of granite. A very young fighter with a childish expression is dressed in adult clothes: an overcoat, hat and cap.
Monument "The Tale of the Urals"
A sculptural group created in the 1960s and located on the Railway Station Square. The author of the project was V. S. Zaikov, an artist who traveled all over the Urals and studied the folklore of the region. For six years he nurtured the idea of \u200b\u200bthe Tale, choosing suitable images. As a result, we got the figure of a relief giant-blacksmith - a getter and a creator who subjugated the vast Ural expanses.
A small aquarium and terrarium with a collection of freshwater and marine life. Several species of insects and amphibians also live here. The institution was founded in 1983. After the restoration in 2014, visitors were presented with an updated exposition with several dozen species of fish, snakes, turtles, and lizards. On the territory of the Chelyabinsk region, this is the only institution of its kind.
The Chelyabinsk zoo is one of the youngest in the country - it opened in 1996. At the moment, more than 100 species of animals live in it, most of which are listed in the Red Book. The menagerie continues to actively develop and replenish the collection: in recent years, a dinosaur park and an exotarium have opened on the territory. There is a petting zoo for children, where you can get to know the inhabitants better.
An abandoned building in the Art Nouveau style, erected at the beginning of the 20th century. It is located in the very center of the city. The elevator was built for the state bank as part of a large-scale program that involved the creation of similar buildings in many cities of the Russian Empire. It was used for its intended purpose until the 1990s, after which it was abandoned and fell into disrepair. The building is 40 meters high.
Ice Arena "Tractor"
Ice Palace, built in 2009. World-class competitions have been held on its territory twice. The stadium is home to several hockey teams: "Tractor", "Polar Bears", "Polar Bears". At the same time, 7.5 thousand people can watch the matches in the stands. The arena was built instead of the old Yunost Sports Palace, which has been in use since the middle of the 20th century.
Garden of Victory
Several territories are included in the Victory Garden: two parks and four squares, which form a single recreational space and occupy a significant area. The garden appeared almost simultaneously with the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant. It was intended for rest of workers after hard working days. In 2006-1010, the park was reconstructed, after which it was transformed and acquired a more modern look.
Walk of Fame
The Walk of Fame was created in 2015 on Kommuny Street. It is a paved boulevard along which there are stands with photographs of residents of the Ural cities who took part in the Great Patriotic War, as well as commemorative monuments. Among other objects of the boulevard, the monument to tank volunteers of 1975 stands out, made in the form of a figure of a soldier standing on the turret of a Soviet tank.
City Garden named after A.S. Pushkin
A public park and venue for public events located in the central part of Chelyabinsk. It was founded at the beginning of the 20th century on the territory of a birch grove. For a long time of existence, he experienced periods of prosperity, desolation and rebirth. Today, the park has attractions, playgrounds for children, restaurants, sports areas. Citizens are happy to come here for a walk on the weekends.
Park named after Gagarin
Another city park that was founded in 1936. In 1949, they wanted to cut it down and build an aircraft factory in its place, but thanks to the fact that the inhabitants wrote a letter to I.V. Stalin, the landmark was saved. In the 1970s, he received the honorary title of the best park in the USSR. After the desolation of the 1990s, the territory was overhauled, attractions were placed, new alleys were laid, ponds were cleared of debris and sculptures were installed.