The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a small country in Western Europe. A high level of security, a pleasant temperate climate, many attractions for every taste, original local cuisine and comfortable hotels - all this can provide its guests with Luxembourg.
The ancient quarters of the capital, as well as the ancient castles of the state, such as Vianden, Larochette and Beaufort, will appeal to lovers of antiquity. Luxembourg Switzerland and the Haute-Sur National Park offer tourists to spend their holidays actively, and at the same time admire the amazing natural beauties.
For tourists who prefer organized excursions, it will be interesting to visit historical or art museums. Tours to the Moselle Valley will reveal the secret of the production of world famous wines.
It is also definitely worth trying the national cuisine, the most original dish of which is hare roast. As a souvenir, something tasty is usually brought from Luxembourg - sweets, Ardennes ham, chocolate or local wine.
What to see in Luxembourg?
The most interesting and beautiful places, photos and a brief description.
Old quarters and fortifications of the city of Luxembourg
The Alzette River divides the territory of Luxembourg into Upper and Lower Towns. The old quarters and fortifications, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, are located in Upper Luxembourg. Here you can climb the wall of one of the fortifications, or visit the Bock casemates, which are well preserved and open to tourists.
Place Guillaume II
A popular and lively place in Luxembourg, Place Guillaume II is located on the site of a Franciscan monastery that was destroyed in 1829. In the center of the square, Duke Guillaume II is immortalized on horseback. On weekends, there is a market on the square, and on holidays a stage for performances is set up here.
The main active residence of the Luxembourg Grand Dukes is Colmar-Berg Berg Castle. This building was the residence of the ruling governors in the 19th century, but at the end of World War II, the castle had to be restored. Since 1964, the Berg residence has again become the home of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
Valley of the Moselle
The Moselle River is one of the main rivers in Luxembourg, its valley is a wine-growing region. World famous wines and liqueurs are produced here. Also in the Moselle Valley is the popular tourist route "Wine Trail", following which you can visit distilleries, wine cellars and tasting rooms.
Monument "Golden Lady"
In the very center of Upper Luxembourg, on Constitution Square, there is a famous military monument "Golden Lady" 21 meters high. This building was erected in 1923 to commemorate those brave citizens of the city who volunteered for the Luxembourg armed forces during the First World War.
The town and castle of Vianden
One of the most beautiful European buildings, Vianden Castle, is located in the picturesque town of the same name. At one time, the city was visited by Victor Hugo and Elizabeth II. The local castle was built between the 11th and 14th centuries, and over its long history, it has experienced many destructions. In 1977 Vianden Castle was finally restored and opened to tourists.
The most visited place in Luxembourg is the amusement park Merveille. It is located near Bettambur and is open to the public from April to October. There are many children's entertainment attractions and a small zoo. Merveille also hosts various fairy tale performances.
Although Mamer Castle was built in the distant 10th century, even today this building is useful. The administrative authorities of the commune of Mamer are located here. The castle is located in the very center of the city on Independence Square and includes four buildings that make up a single architectural ensemble.
Museum of Trams and Buses of the City of Luxembourg
In the southwestern part of the city of Luxembourg, there is a public transport museum, the first exhibits of which began to be collected back in the 60s. Today the collection consists of restored tram cars, a copy of a horse carriage and two buses. Samples of service uniforms, travel tickets, documents and photographs are also exhibited here.
A small area in the east of the country got its name from the similarity of the local landscape with the Swiss mountains. The rocks of Luxembourg Switzerland were created from sandstone back in the Ice Age. Several picturesque rivers flow in this area, and the oldest city of Luxembourg, Echternach, is also located here.
One of the most elegant bridges in the country, as well as the national symbol of Luxembourg. This building, the first stone of which was laid in 1900 by the Grand Duke Adolf himself, connects the Upper and Lower cities. In the evenings, the arches of the Adolf Bridge are decorated with illuminations.
The small town of Larochette is surrounded by rocky slopes, on one of which there is an ancient castle of the 11th century. Since the 13th century, a large family of von Fels, the standard-bearers of Luxembourg, lived here. In 1565, the castle of Larochette burned down in a big fire and for a long time no one lived in it. After the restoration work, the castle was opened to tourists.
Notre Dame Cathedral of Luxembourg
The main church of the capital, the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Luxembourg, is located in the southern part of the city. The building was built in the 17th century as a Jesuit church, but a century later the cathedral was transferred to the Luxembourg parish. Externally, the church is made in the Gothic style, and the interior decoration has features of the Renaissance. A miraculous wooden image of the Mother of God with the baby Jesus in her arms is kept here.
The village and castle of Walferdange
In the town of Walferdange there is a castle of the same name, built in 1824. Grand Duke Wilhelm I built it as a stud farm for breeding horses, and his son Wilhelm II turned the building into a royal residence. Now the castle houses one of the campuses of the University of Luxembourg. In addition to the castle in Walferdange, you can see a Roman villa and an underground conduit.
Fortress "Three Acorns"
The fortress "Three Acorns" is located in the park of the same name in the south-eastern part of the city. Once the towers of this fortress were part of a powerful fort built in 1732 to defend the city. In 1867 the fortress was completely destroyed. After restoration, the Tüngen Museum, dedicated to the history of this building, is located within the walls of the fortress.
Haute-Sur National Park
Established in 1999, Haute-Sur National Park is located northwest of Essling. Plants and animals are protected here, as well as the purity of water in the local lake and reservoir. In Haute-Sure, you can go in for water sports, see local architectural monuments, and also stay in comfortable houses for a few days.
The tunnels and chambers that make up the Bock casemates built in the 17th century are under the protection of UNESCO. They are located in the very center of Luxembourg, in the thickness of the Le Bock cliff under the now destroyed Luxembourg fortress. A tour of the casemates includes a visit to the archaeological crypt, where the most interesting local finds are exhibited.
The small town of Mondorf-les-Bains, located in the southeast of Luxembourg, has been famous for its thermal springs since the beginning of the 19th century. The mild local climate and healing mineral springs, the temperature of which is always kept within 25 degrees, attract many tourists from all over the world. It treats various diseases of internal organs, as well as rheumatism.
Palace of the Grand Dukes
The building of the palace of the Grand Dukes was built in the 16th century, when a big explosion of a powder warehouse destroyed almost the entire Upper Town. Initially, the palace was used for administrative needs, and in 1890, Grand Duke Adolf announced this building as his residence. Today the palace is used as an office for official receptions and audiences.
Beaufort Castle is located in the town of the same name in the east of the country. In the 11th century, on the site of the current castle, there was a simple defensive fortress, which later turned into a powerful fortification. Today, the Beaufort prison with an equipped torture chamber is offered for inspection, as well as the Main Tower of the castle, which offers an excellent view of the city.
The oldest city in Luxembourg is famous for its abbey, founded by the Benedictine Willibrord in the 7th century. The Germans retreating in 1944 destroyed the entire monastery complex, after which it was rebuilt. Echternach Abbey is known all over the world for its annual dance procession.
The largest castle in Luxembourg rises above the River Sur near Ettelbruck. The first mention of the castle dates back to the 10th century. Subsequently, the building was rebuilt more than once, and at the beginning of the 19th century, due to the death of the owner, the castle began to collapse. In 1936, Bourscheid was recognized as state property, and after the reconstruction, which began in 1972, the castle was opened to tourists.
Butterfly garden in Grevenmacher
The butterfly garden was first opened in 1989. Located in Grevenmacher, the wine region of Luxembourg, this garden covers an area of more than 600 m2 and attracts many tourists from all over the world every year. In addition to butterflies, of which there are more than 50 species, in the garden you can see chameleons, bees and turtles. The garden is open to the public from April to October.