Many tourists dream of visiting England - most of the sights of this country are the most recognizable in the world. Big Ben, Tower Bridge - who doesn't know these names? The famous English love of order can be appreciated even in the parks and botanical gardens of this country - they are kept in perfect cleanliness, the arrangement of flower beds and alleys in them is impeccably designed.
England is rich in historical places. Castles with a thousand-year history are interesting in themselves, and the royal residences in them are doubly interesting. The world's most famous archaeological site, Stonehenge, is millions of years old. Thousands of tourists visit England to try to unravel its mystery. And, of course, do not forget about the legendary English band The Beatles - their fans will be happy to visit The Cavern Club, the place where the Beatles became famous.
What to see and where to go in England?
The most interesting and beautiful places to visit. Photos and a short description.
One of the main and recognizable sights of the capital of England. The suspension drawbridge is used daily by more than 40,000 people to cross the Thames. The total length of the bridge is 244 meters. The height of the towers is 65 meters. At a height of 44 meters there is a gallery between the towers, it is used as an observation and museum platform. Between the towers are lifting wings. They are bred about 4-5 times a week.
Tower of London
The fortress is one of the oldest buildings in England and one of the most visited attractions in the world. Included in the UNESCO heritage list. The Tower was founded in the 2nd century as part of the city fortifications, and was later completed and strengthened by William I and Richard the Lionheart. Currently, the Tower houses a museum, an armory with crown treasures, and historical architectural monuments.
This archaeological site is considered one of the most mystical in the world. Scientists have not yet agreed on the purpose of the building. Approximate dacha founding Stonehenge - XXX century BC. It consists of stone blocks weighing up to 45 tons, arranged in rings or in the form of a horseshoe. It is estimated that several thousand people performed such laborious work for 300 years. The object is protected by UNESCO.
Buckingham Palace (London)
The residence of the British monarchs. Founded in 1703 and since then repeatedly got. It acquired its final form by 1853. For visitors, inspection is available only two months a year during the Queen's vacation - in August and September. 19 of the 775 rooms of the castle are offered for inspection, including the throne room, art gallery, and ballroom. The royal garden is interesting, where flamingos live, there is a lake and waterfalls.
Albert Dock (Liverpool)
A complex of port buildings and warehouses in Liverpool. They are located along the perimeter of a rectangular bay. The large warehouse buildings are built of dark brick. They have unusually large openings - they are designed to receive cargo directly from the ship. Today, Albert Dock is a popular tourist destination. Museums, bars, restaurants are located in the warehouses converted inside the buildings, an unusual atmosphere has been created.
The Cavern Club (Liverpool)
The club was founded in 1957. Known for the fact that it was in it that the legendary band The Beatles began their creative journey. The current clubhouse on Matthew Street was built using 15,000 bricks from the original clubhouse. Currently, Beatleman tourists often come here to listen to the songs of the Liverpool Four in a cover performance. Such concerts are held almost every evening.
Ferris wheel on the banks of the Thames. The 32 capsule cabins symbolize the number of suburbs in London. One cabin can accommodate up to 25 people. The height of the attraction is 135 meters. The view from its top reaches 40 km in clear weather. One full rotation takes about 30 minutes. The wheel has an LED light. At dusk, the luminous wheel leaves an unforgettable impression.
Elizabeth Tower (London)
Tourists often refer to the Elizabeth Clock Tower in the Palace of Westminster as Big Ben. However, initially only the largest bell of the six others in the clock was called that, its weight is 13 tons. Currently, the images of the clock, the bell and the tower are one and together they make up the most popular tourist symbol of London. The height of the tower is 96 meters. The building style is neo-Gothic. Its facade is decorated with inscriptions in Latin.
Westminster Abbey (London)
An iconic place for the royal dynasty of the British Monarchy. Here are the coronations, here are the burial places of the rulers. Also in the abbey in the "Poets' Corner" many famous writers and poets of the country are buried - Charles Dickens, Samuel Johnson and others. The abbey church is active, worship services are held in it, and it is popular with pilgrims. Tourists are attracted by the medieval architecture of the abbey.
Gothic cathedral, its construction began in 1220 and lasted 250 years. A feature of the cathedral are large stained glass windows in the style of medieval Europe. The largest window, 23 meters high, was made in the 15th century. York Cathedral is considered one of the largest in Europe. Its length is 158 meters, the height of the towers is 60 meters. The central tower of the cathedral survived two restorations, which protected the cathedral from collapse.
Since the 11th century, it has been called the country residence of the British monarchs. It was founded in 1066. To date, it has been repeatedly rebuilt and expanded. Luxurious halls with rich interior decoration and antique furniture are open to visitors. They feature works of art from the collection of the kings. In Windsor Park, you can see the chapel of St. George. The large park is decorated with graceful sculptures.
It is located on the islands of the Len River. In wartime, he could hold a siege for a long time due to his location. For a long time it was the residence of the kings of England. Currently popular with tourists as a monument of architecture and history. The interior is recreated in the style of a 15th century castle. Works of art of the 18th century are exhibited within its walls. The landscaped park has many aviaries with exotic birds.
Medieval castle. Its visit will be an unusual entertainment for any tourist. The restorers have recreated the interior to the smallest detail. Madame Tussauds made wax figures that became the abode of the castle - servants, guards, ladies of the court. Knightly tournaments, archery competitions, and the Flight of the Eagles show are held in the courtyard. On Halloween, the ghost tower is haunted.
British Museum (London)
The number of exhibits is almost the largest in the world - 13 million. Collections of antiquities from Egypt, Africa, Greece, Rome, the East and Europe are presented. The total length of the corridors of the main museum in London is 4 km. The construction of the museum building ended in 1847. The project is made in the ancient Greek style, 44 columns are its decoration. Later, the Great Courtyard was completed, in which an impressive reading room was located.
National Railway Museum (York)
Founded in 1975. One of the most visited - a year it has about a million visitors. On 8 hectares of its area there are expositions telling about the history of the railway in England. The collection of locomotives and wagons is represented by hundreds of exhibits. Of particular interest are the royal trains of the Victorian era. They house 20,000 books and magazines, as well as technical and engineering documentation.
London National Gallery
The gallery exhibits more than 2,000 paintings by Western European painters of the 13th-20th centuries - Van Gogh, Rembrandt, Da Vinci, Raphael, Titian and many others. The paintings are arranged in the halls in chronological order. The gallery offers guided tours. Independent visitors are advised to determine in advance which paintings they want to see - it is impossible to go around the entire gallery in one day. Entrance to the gallery is free.
Natural History Museum (London)
Previously part of the British Museum, since 1181 it was in a separate building, and since 1963 it was finally separated. The museum's collection consists of several million exhibits in every field of natural science - botany, zoology, mineralogy, paleontology. The most interesting are the collection of meteorites, the mechanical model of the Tyrannosaurus Rex and the skeleton of the Diplodocus. Entrance to the museum is free.
Victoria and Albert Museum (London)
The museum funds cover many cultures of the world and different periods - from antiquity to the present. Most of the exhibits are works in the style of arts and crafts and design. Sculptures, fabrics, ceramic products are exhibited. Prince Albert was a great supporter of the museum in its infancy. His wife, Queen Victoria, took part in the construction of the museum building in 1899.
Mary Rose Museum (Portsmouth)
An unusual museum dedicated to the sunken ship - the flagship of the English fleet in the 16th century. To raise his remains began only at the end of the XX century. The construction of the museum was complex, the walls were actually erected around the ship's hull. Over the remains of the deck and masts, there was a complex long-term conservation work. The result was that the ship, which spent several centuries in sea water, can now be viewed not through glass, but with your own eyes.
Roman baths in Bath
A well-preserved Roman complex intended for public bathing. Includes several pagan temples built in the 1st century. During the construction of the baths, the builders used plumbing systems that take into account weather conditions. As a result, the water in the baths reached 96 degrees. The modern look of the complex took after the reconstruction in the XVIII century. Now you can take a bath or order SPA treatments in it.
Clifton Suspension Bridge
Construction of the bridge began in 1829. It passes over the river gorge at an altitude of 75 meters. The length of the bridge is 230 meters. Work on a complex design has been going on for more than 20 years. The bridge offers a beautiful view of the city of Bristol. It is popular with athletes who bungee jump from it. The world's first such jump was made from this bridge by four extreme sportsmen.
Royal Pavilion (Brighton)
A luxurious palace, for a long time it was the residence of kings by the sea. The architecture style of the palace is called Indo-Saratsion. This is a mixture of Moorish, Indian and Chinese architecture. Luxury and grandeur can be seen in everything - both in the design of the facades and in the interiors. Currently, the pavilion houses a museum, and luxurious halls can be rented for a festive event.
Wallaton Hall (Nottingham)
Renaissance palace. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Nottingham authorities bought the building and placed a natural history museum there. The palace is located in a park of 500 acres with a picturesque lake. The park is famous for its inhabitants - deer, squirrels, swans, fallow deer are found there. Everyone roams freely in the park. Anyone can see them and take an unusual photo - a herd of deer against the backdrop of the Elizabethan Palace.
Shambles Street in York
Medieval Shambles Street is a landmark in the city of York. It is located in the city center. The length of the street is 100 meters, it is very narrow in width. In the past, butcher shops were located on it. Hooks for hanging meat are still preserved on some buildings. Now it houses many souvenir shops. It is believed that Shambles Street became the prototype of Diagon Alley from the Harry Potter universe.
Stratford upon Avon
A small town in Warwickshire is the birthplace of William Shakespeare. Most of the city's attractions are associated with the personality of the great playwright. The house where Shakespeare was born is one of the most visited places. Church of St. Trinity, where Shakespeare was baptized, is no less famous; his grave is also located there. Tens of thousands of people visit it every year. The Royal Shakespeare Theater puts on plays and hosts festivals.
It is not for nothing that this place is called the “Garden of Eden”. It is a botanical garden with greenhouses containing plants brought from all over the world. The total area of greenhouses is 22,000 m². They are covered with domes of an unusual shape. In each greenhouse, the conditions of the natural environment in which plants grow are recreated. Tap water is not even used - rainwater is specially collected to maintain humidity and watering.
Hyde Park (London)
A traditional place for mass events - rallies, concerts, holidays. The park is a pleasant place for walking, and swimming is allowed in the park's Serpentine Lake. The art gallery, the Duke of Wellington Museum at Apsley House and the Wellington Triumphal Arch are considered cultural attractions. The park hosted concerts by famous performers - The Rolling Stones, Madonna, Taylor Swift.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
They have existed for over 250 years. The area of the entire complex - gardens and greenhouses - occupies 132 hectares. The gardens are included in the list of UNESCO sites due to the large number of living plants in the collection. The Kew Gardens Herbarium has over 7 million specimens. There are many objects for inspection on the territory - the House of Water Lilies, the Kew Palace, the Palm House, the Alpine House. Flower festivals, concerts and exhibitions are held. In winter, the skating rink is flooded.
Lost Gardens of Heligan
The ancient botanical garden of England, decorated in the style of the XIX century. Divided into several zones, each with a unique design. Tropical plants grow in the Jungle zone. A dense forest of oaks and beeches, mossy stones - this is the "Lost Valley". Pineapples grow in specially equipped pits. Interesting landscape solutions are "green" figures made of living plants and minerals.
Monument of Roman defensive structures. It is a fortified wall, 118 km long, 6 meters high. Built in 122 to protect against barbarian tribes. For those times, the wall was the pinnacle of engineering. Its design consists of forts in which the army was stationed. Passages were made for movement. Small towers and towers are placed between the aisles for shelter from the rain.
The reserve is famous for landscapes of mountain lakes. The nature here is diverse and amazing - hills and high mountains, rocky shores and wastelands, and, of course, lakes with clear and clean water. These places have inspired many artists and poets to create works of art. There is a special direction for the masters of this area, called the “lake school”. Observation observation platforms are equipped for tourists.
The national park with an area of more than 1500 km² was founded in 1952. A third of the park is covered by heather bogs. Dense forests in the rest of the territory are birch, oak, ash, mountain ash. Also in the park you can see the medieval abbeys and castles. For visitors to the park, a number of entertainments are provided - bike rides and horseback riding, hiking trails are laid. There is a camping site and a cafe.
Rocks "Old Harry"
Chalk cliffs on the south coast of England. Their age is more than 65 million years. The remains of an ichthyosaur were found in the rocks, excavations are being carried out by archaeologists studying the Jurassic period. There are several options for the origin of the name. According to one version, this is the name of the devil who loved to sleep on these rocks. According to another - by the name of a pirate who traded in these places. The waves hitting the rocks are constantly changing their shape.
The only pier in Brighton that is not abandoned. Opened in 1899. Currently used for entertainment purposes. It has many restaurants, slot machines, attractions. At night, the pier is illuminated by 67,000 light bulbs - and this incredible sight is especially loved by visitors. The pier is honored to be visited by members of the royal family, celebrities often come here.
Founded by the Mottershid family in 1931 at their own expense. The Chester Zoo is not funded by the state, which does not prevent it from being included in the 15 best zoos in the world - according to the popular Forbes magazine. The area of the zoo is 51 hectares. It is visited by about 1.5 million people a year. More than 400 species of animals live in conditions as close as possible to their natural habitat, enclosures and lattices are practically not used.