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Kyiv Pechersk Lavra
Kyiv Pechersk Lavra
Kyiv Pechersk Lavra
Kyiv Pechersk Lavra
Gate Church of the Trinity
Gate Church of the Trinity
The caves of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra
The caves of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra

Kyiv Pechersk Lavra

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Ukraine, Kyivska region, Kyiv, street Lavrska Str

Kyiv Pechersk Lavra

Telephone number:
+38 (044) 280 30 71, 280 46 48
(please, tell that you found the information on RestGeo site)

Nearby:
The Dnieper

Description:

Kyiv Pechersk Lavra is one of the biggest Orthodox shrines of Ukraine and is inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Site. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) World Heritage includes cultural and natural values that are the property of all mankind. In addition to Kyiv Pechersk Lavra, which is included into the UNESCO World Heritage together with St Sophia Cathedral, there 4 more sites included – 3 cultural and 1 natural. They are the ensemble of the historic centre of Lviv, the Residence of Bukovynian and Dalmatian Metropolitans in Chernivtsi, Struve Geodetic Arc, and primeval forests of the Carpathians. Kyiv Pechersk Lavra was founded as a cave monastery in 1051 by the monk called Anthony, and is considered to be one of the first monasteries in Kyivan Rus. Now the monasticism is concentrated on the premises of the Lower Lavra where the monastery of Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchy is situated when the Upper Lavra belongs to the National Kyiv Pechersk History and Culture Sanctuary. Both parts of Lavra are open to visitors. With the blessing of the Venerable Anthony, in 1058, a wooden church was built upon the cave in honour of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary. In the 12th century, the monastery was granted the status of Lavra. In the 17th century, Kyiv Pechersk Lavra had already been the richest church in Ukraine having in ownership 3 cities, 7 towns, around 200 villages and farms, over 70,000 serfs, 2 paper mills, 11 brickyards and 6 glass factories, over 160 distilleries and wind mills, around 200 pubs, and 2 studs. Kyiv Pechersk Lavra also used to be the centre for chronicle writing. Here, the famous chroniclers Nestor – the author of the Primary Chronicle, Nikon and Silvestr worked. In the 13th century, the Kyiv Pechersk Patericon was written here which is now an important source of the history of Kyiv. In the soviet times, massive execution of the clergy was conducted. In 1918, the Metropolitan of Kyiv and Galicia Volodymyr was executed in Lavra. In 1920, Lavra was closed, and in 1941, the soviet army blew up the Dormition Cathedral. During the German occupation, the monastery was renewed but was closed again by the soviets in 1961. The monasticism and services in Lavra were renewed in 1988. In 2000, the Dormition Cathedral was rebuilt. Most of the buildings of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra are built in the style of the Ukrainian baroque of the 18th century. Great Lavra Bell Tower is one of them; it is 100 m high and has 374 steps leading to the top. The Gate Church of the Trinity is the only building of Lavra that survived from the times of Kyivan Rus – it was built back in 12th century. Another important part of Lavra is the monastery caves – the Near Caves and the Far Caves – where there are the relics of over 50 saints. The main church of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra is the Dormition Cathedral built in 11th century, rebuilt in 2000. The youngest shrine of Lavra is St Anthony and Theodosius Refectory Church built in 1895; there is no information about its predecessor built in the 12th century. The premises of Lavra are surrounded by fortification walls; here, there are the following museums – the Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine, Book and Print History Museum, the Museum of Ukrainian Folk Art, Theatre, Music and Film Arts Museum of Ukraine as well as the State Historical Library of Ukraine. Kyiv Pechersk Sanctuary is open to visitors Monday to Sunday. Admission is 25 UAH, for students and retired persons – 12 UAH. Admission to the premises of the Lower Lavra and monastery caves is free of charge.





Monday, March 12, 2012
Views: 11236

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